A condition in which the middle toes are bent facing downward, often appearing as a deformity, is referred to as hammertoe. This condition can be painful and may cause the formation of other conditions such as corns and calluses. Wearing shoes that are too tight is one of the reasons for this ailment to develop, in addition to having a predisposed inherited gene. When the shoes are not fitting properly, the toes become crammed into an area that does not provide adequate room and can produce an altered foot structure. There are several forms of treatments, including taping the foot and toes to relieve uncomfortable pressure, strengthening the foot and toe muscles, or surgery for permanent removal of the hammertoe. It’s suggested to schedule a consultation with a podiatrist to learn about the best treatment options for you.
Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.
- Pain in the affected toes
- Development of corns or calluses due to friction
- Contracture of the toes
Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible
Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur
Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe
Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe
Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it
Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used
Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option
If you have any questions please contact our office located in Baltimore, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about What Are Hammertoes?